Fertility Preservation

Date: 19.10.2015

Fertility Preservation
For whom is important to preserve fertility?
  • Particular attention to the problem of preserving fertility should pay people with diagnosed heavy diseases who need the serious and long-term treatment. 
  • Delayed motherhood
  • Delayed fatherhood
  • Marital (family) status (single)
  • If are diagnosed oncological diseases and prescribed treatment with medications that may affect the reproductive health: chemotherapy and radiation therapy, hormonal treatment.
How is possible to preserve fertility?

Freezing (cryopreservation) of the genetic material is the better chance to preserve fertility.

The patients have the opportunity to freeze and store their own genetic material - oocyte, sperm or embryos. Freezing at low temperatures (vitrification) is secure and trusted method that does not effect on embryo development, as well as the ability of fertilization for oocytes and embryos. A frozen material can be stored for 10 years. If to use a vitrification method, it provides the ability to preserve the genetic material with a high percentage of survival (98%) after thawing.

Patients with diagnosed oncology is recommended cryopreservation of reproductive cells before the chemotherapy and radiotherapy for the fertility preservation and avoiding the need to use donor sperm or eggs after recovery.

In case of delayed motherhood/fatherhood, cryopreservation of oocytes/sperm is the perspective for women/men who cannot/do not want to become parents now and wish to freeze their eggs/sperm for future as insurance against infertility.

If during the procedure of IVF and ovarian puncture manage to get a lot of eggs, and after fertilization remain more embryos than is necessary to transfer in this cycle (or for different reasons cannot transfer the embryos in this cycle), on the request of a pair they can be saved by vitrification and use later. If these are the 3rd day embryos, it is possible to cultivate them until the 5th day and freeze at the blastocyst stage. When a couple is ready for the baby, the embryos are thawed and can be used to retry the negative outcome of ART procedures and/or for the birth of second and following children in the future.





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